PowerJet SaM146 not designed for rapid climb due to fuel saving technology

AFP
Thursday, May 10, 2012

MOSCOW – Russian investigators opened a criminal probe on Thursday into possible misconduct during preparations for the exhibition flight of a new Superjet 100 jet which came down in Indonesia.
The Investigative Committee said it would probe “the procedure for preparing the flight crew and also the technical condition of the craft itself before its departure from Russia.”
The twin-engine plane vanished from the radar screens on Wednesday about 50 minutes into its exhibition flight. Rescuers at the scene said on Thursday they had found bodies but no survivors.
Initial reports on the number of people on board varied between 46 and 50.
Russia’s Investigative Committee said it believed the plane was carrying 48 crew and passengers of five different nationalities including eight Russians.
The Russian investigators said they would question the technical personnel who prepared the crew for the flight “and representatives of the Sukhoi Civil Aircraft company involved in making the plane and preparing it for operations.”
The Russian committee said it was also studying the option of sending a team to Indonesia “that could be present for the investigation being conducted by the Indonesian law enforcement authorities.”
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The PowerJet SaM146 is a turbofan engine produced by the PowerJet joint venture (not to be confused with Power Jets) between Snecma of France and NPO Saturn of Russia.[2] Snecma is in charge of the core engine, control system (FADEC), transmissions (accessory gearbox, transfer gearbox), overall engine integration and flight testing.[citation needed] NPO Saturn is responsible for the components in the low pressure section and engine installation on the Sukhoi Superjet 100 regional aircraft and ground testing.[citation needed]

The SaM146 design is based on the CFM56[3]. In keeping with the design and development of jet engines from manufacturers like Pratt & Whitney Canada, General Electric and Rolls Royce, the engine has been conceived to meet customer requirements regarding fuel burn, cost of operation and dispatch reliability.
The core was developed by Snecma, drawing on its M88 ‘hot section’ military engine experience and the DEM21 core demonstrator project – with its six-stage compressor and single-stage, high-pressure turbine with active blade-tip clearance control – and various other modern design features (such as single-piece bladed disks).
The SaM146 provides 62 to 77.8KN of thrust (6,200 to 7,700 kg). In April 2003, Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company selected the SaM146 for its Superjet 100 regional aircraft, to be produced in 75 and 95-seat versions.
The SaM146 utilizes a single-stage turbine and as a new design has been developed to meet current and projected environmental standards, including regulations of the ICAO Committee of Aviation Environmental Protection Sixth Session (CAEP VI), set to become effective in 2008.[citation needed]
Blisk technology is used to improve fuel economy and lower maintenance.[4]
On 23 June 2010, it was announced that EASA certified PowerJet for its SaM146 engine.[5] It gained Russian certification in August 2010.[6]
As is usual with modern jet engines, PowerJet intends to offer the usual range of support services for operators.
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http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/indonesia/9257601/Last-pictures-of-crashed-Russian-plane-emerge.html
Investigators are now examining taped conversations between the pilots and air-traffic control, particularly the pilot’s request to descend from 10,000ft to 6,000ft seconds before the plane disappeared from radar screens.
“The airplane crashed at the edge of Salak mountain,” said Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. “An investigation must be done immediately and thoroughly.” Aerial pictures from the crash scene revealed tiny sections of wreckage from the wings and fuselage scattered down an exposed stretch of cliff surrounded by the dense forest.
Indonesia’s search and rescue agency chief, Daryatmo, said: “From the pictures we’re seeing it looks like it was a total loss.” Sukhoi has already won 170 orders worldwide for its Superjet-100 and was aiming to sell 42 in Indonesia alone, competing against similar-sized offerings in the passenger jet market from Brazil’s Embraer and Canada’s Bombardier.
If the cause of the crash turns out ultimately to be a pilot or air-traffic control error, the effects on sales might not prove too disastrous. But a technical fault in the jet that has already suffered delays could be catastrophic for orders.
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http://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/superjet-100-flew-in-low-traffic-indonesian-airspace-dgca-371704/

Who selected the route of the ill fated aircraft, it is not designed to climb mountains with rapid acceleration due to it’s fuel saving technology. I supposed the pilot is experienced in flying larger jets but have no experience flying the Superjet 100. Other than that, there should not be any problems. – Contributed by Oogle. 

http://en.ria.ru/russia/20120511/173392847.html

On Thursday, Russia’s acting Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said experts believe “human factor” was the most probable cause of the fatal crash of the aircraft.
“Experts say that all [the aircraft’s] equipment functioned smoothly. In other words, it could be some kind of a human error,” Rogozin told journalists.

http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/1201527/1/.html
Posted: 16 May 2012 0224 hrs
Indonesia team finds crashed Sukhoi’s black box
CIJERUK, Indonesia: A search team in Indonesia found Tuesday the black box of a Russian jet that could explain how a veteran pilot crashed the new plane into a dormant volcano last week, killing all 45 aboard.
“We found the black box at around 10 this morning (0300 GMT),” Ketut Parwa, head of the search operation, told reporters late Tuesday near the crash site at Mount Salak in western Java.
“It was found around 100 metres (328 feet) from where we located the tail.”

It's robbery and sadistic torture

New Straits Times
Friday, May 11, 2012

KUALA LUMPUR – While their father was claiming the body of their mother from Kuala Lumpur Hospital yesterday, the couple’s two children were at school sitting their first term examinations.
The children, a 12-year-old boy and a 10-year-old girl, had cried and grieved a day earlier after learning that their mother, real estate agent Chen Choi Mooi, 39, had been murdered before her body was dumped near Batu Dam, Gombak, near here.
Their father, Liew Yang Sei, 41, and family members had agreed that they did not want the children to dwell on their mother’s death and preferred them to sit their exams.
Liew and the rest of his family, were questioned by police while waiting for the post-mortem report at the mortuary yesterday.
Liew, also a real estate agent, later demanded answers for his wife’s murder.
“I want to know who did this to her, and why,” he said.”I cannot believe this could happen in broad daylight.”
Chen’s body was found near the dam on Wednesday night. She had strangulation marks on her neck, while her mouth, eyes and forehead were swollen.
Chen was last seen by her husband on Tuesday at 10am when he left their apartment in Jinjang Utara.
It was learnt that Chen had gone to meet a prospective tenant at 1pm.
She left after taking RM2,000 (S$818) from the couple who had wanted to rent a house, agreeing to meet them again at 3pm to hand them the house keys but did not keep the appointment.
Chen had apparently told the couple that she would be meeting the landlord of the house and another client before meeting them again later.
Her husband became worried when a neighbour dropped his children off from tuition as Chen, who was to pick them, did not show up.
He called his wife’s sisters but no one had seen her since that afternoon. He lodged a missing person’s report at 8pm.
At 10am on Wednesday, the family found Chen’s Proton Iswara in Batu 5, Jinjang. There was a pool of blood in the boot.
Later that night, Liew received a call from police, asking him to come to the KLH mortuary to identify a body.
Chen was still clad in the black T-shirt and black skirt which she had on when last seen on Tuesday.
Police had found a trail of blood, revealing that Chen had been dragged for more than five metres before her body was dumped.
The victim, the youngest of 10 siblings, was described as a religious person who was active in the temple and had many friends.
Gombak police chief Assistant Commissioner Abdul Rahim Abdullah said post-mortem results revealed that the victim died of strangulation. There were bruises on both her wrists, suggesting she was bound.
Her handbag, containing two handphones and an undisclosed amount of cash, was missing.
Rahim said they had yet to make any arrests. He declined to comment further.
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Evidence from her mobile records will identify the “client”‘s mobile number, and his most common gps location which he cannot hide, this person has a history of sadistic violence and must be put away for good.  
– Contributed by Oogle.

The World will not fall back into a recession

04:45 AM May 08, 2012
ROME – Several candidates opposed to austerity measures were making a strong showing yesterday in early projections from Italy’s local elections – the first nationwide test for Premier Mario Monti since he was named to save Italy from its debt crisis.
In Germany, a state election on Sunday could be an omen of worse to come for Chancellor Angela Merkel’s coalition.
Analysts in Italy were watching for signs of voter anger over austerity measures and towards mainstream parties that have supported them since Mr Monti took over from Mr Silvio Berlusconi in November.
Candidates for Mayor in Parma and in Genoa, who galvanised discontent with mainstream politics, appeared to gain enough votes to force a run-off, projections showed. The Mayor of Verona, whose Northern League party has strongly opposed a new housing tax, appeared headed to a first-round victory.
In Germany, voters in the northernmost state of Schleswig-Holstein appeared to have ousted their centre-right government made up of Ms Merkel’s conservatives and the pro-business Free Democrats, according to exit polls released by local broadcasters.
Although Ms Merkel’s Christian Democrats emerged as the strongest party in Sunday’s election, winning 30.5 per cent of the vote, that would not be enough to remain in power in the state with the Free Democrats, which slid from 14.9 per cent to 8.2 per cent.
The opposition Social Democrats gained about 4.5 per cent and secured 30.1 per cent of the vote, the Greens stood at about 13 per cent, followed by the Pirates with 8 per cent. It remains unclear which party will be able to form a coalition government.
The outcome of the vote was being viewed as setting the tone for next week’s election in Germany’s most populous state, North Rhine-Westphalia. It was also seen as a foreshadowing of things to come when Ms Merkel’s coalition is put to the test in elections next year. Agencies

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Updated 04:05 PM May 07, 2012

LONDON – Prime Minister David Cameron said today that the coalition government must “focus on what matters” in the wake of dismal local election results for his Conservative party.
Mr Cameron said his party cannot use “familiar excuses”, such as low turnout and economic downturn, for the dip in its popularity.
“I get the message, loud and clear. I know that the familiar excuses aren’t enough,” Mr Cameron said in an interview with the Daily Telegraph.
Voters punished the government’s leading coalition partner, for unpopular austerity measures that failed to avert a double-dip recession.
“The message people are sending is this: focus on what matters, deliver what you promise – and prove yourself in the process. I get it.”
Mr Cameron said the government must not be seen as a “bunch of accountants,” but must encourage the “strivers, the battlers, the people with aspiration” and stop their lives becoming a “daily grind”.
The re-election of Boris Johnson in the London mayoral race softened the blow, but there was no mistaking the message from voters to the Conservatives and their Liberal Democrat coalition partners.
“People want to know that we’re not just a bunch of accountants trying to turn around the British economy like it is a failing company, but that we are resolutely on their side as we do this vital work,” said Mr Cameron. REUTERS

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The work is done, there is only progress ahead, nothing will change what God has decreed, there is nothing no-one does that will change the outcome in 2012, everything has been predicted, even if France and Greece were to exit the Euro, all risks has been taken into account, everything will be on autopilot, the economies of US, China and Asia will recover and pull up the EU, everything will be cast in iron very soon, before the end of 2012.
Don’t take my words for it, watch how the public respond to Facebook IPO and you can relate to the “real investor’s sentiments”.
– Contributed by Oogle.

Antibiotic Resistence and TB, HFMD, and STD outbreak

Antibiotic resistance is a type of drug resistance where a microorganism is able to survive exposure to an antibiotic. While a spontaneous or induced genetic mutation in bacteria may confer resistance to antimicrobial drugs, genes that confer resistance can be transferred between bacteria in a horizontal fashion by conjugation, transduction, or transformation. Thus, a gene for antibiotic resistance that evolves via natural selection may be shared. Evolutionary stress such as exposure to antibiotics then selects for the antibiotic resistant trait. Many antibiotic resistance genes reside on plasmids, facilitating their transfer. If a bacterium carries several resistance genes, it is called multidrug resistant (MDR) or, informally, a superbug or super bacterium.
Genes for resistance to antibiotics, like the antibiotics themselves, are ancient.[1] However, the increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections seen in clinical practice stems from antibiotic use both within human medicine and veterinary medicine. Any use of antibiotics can increase selective pressure in a population of bacteria to allow the resistant bacteria to thrive and the susceptible bacteria to die off. As resistance towards antibiotics becomes more common, a greater need for alternative treatments arises. However, despite a push for new antibiotic therapies there has been a continued decline in the number of newly approved drugs.[2][clarification needed] Antibiotic resistance therefore poses a significant problem.
There appears to be a connection with the outbreaks of TB, HFMD and STD due to antibiotic resistence that mutates into new forms of bacteria that will not be effective with today’s drugs.  
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04:45 AM May 09, 2012
MUMBAI – A new superbug from India could spread around the world – in part because of medical tourism – and scientists say there are almost no drugs to treat it.
Researchers said yesterday they had found a new gene called New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase, or NDM-1, in patients in South Asia and in Britain.
United States health officials said yesterday there had been three cases so far in the US – all from patients who received recent medical care in India, a country where people often travel to in search of affordable healthcare.
NDM-1 makes bacteria highly resistant to almost all antibiotics, including the most powerful class called carbapenems. Experts say there are no new drugs on the horizon to tackle it.
“It’s a specific mechanism. A gene that confers a type of resistance (to antibiotics),” Dr Alexander Kallen of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta said in a telephone interview.
With more people travelling to find less costly medical treatments, particularly for procedures such as cosmetic surgery, lead author Timothy Walsh, from Britain’s Cardiff University, said he feared the new superbug could soon spread across the globe.
In a study published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal, Prof Walsh’s team found NDM-1 is jumping beyond India. More than 40 countries have discovered the genetically altered superbugs in blood, urine and other patient specimens. Canada, France, Italy, Kosovo and South Africa have found them in people with no travel links, suggesting the bugs have taken hold there.
The researchers said the epicentre is India, where drugs created to fight diseases have taken a perverse turn by making many ailments harder to treat.
India’s US$12.4 billion (S$15.5 billion) pharmaceutical industry manufactures almost a third of the world’s antibiotics and people use them so liberally that relatively benign and beneficial bacteria are becoming drug immune in a pool of resistance that thwarts even high-powered antibiotics, the so-called remedies of last resort.
Poor hygiene has spread resistant germs into India’s drains, sewers and drinking water, putting millions at risk of drug-defying infections. Antibiotic residues from drug manufacturing, livestock treatment and medical waste have entered water and sanitation systems, exacerbating the problem.
As the super bacteria take up residence in hospitals, they are compromising patient care and tarnishing India’s image as a medical tourism destination.
“It’s a matter of time and chance,” said Dr Mark Toleman, a molecular geneticist at Cardiff University.
“There is a tsunami that’s going to happen in the next year or two when antibiotic resistance explodes. We need wartime measures to deal with this now.”
Mr R K Srivastava, India’s former Director-General of Health Services, said the government is giving top priority to antimicrobial resistance, including increasing surveillance of hospitals’ antibiotics use.
At the same time, it is trying to preserve the country’s health-tourism industry. Bristling that foreigners coined a name that singles out their capital to describe an emerging health nightmare, officials say the world is picking on India for troubles that impede all developing nations.
“These bacteria were present globally,” said Mr Nirmal K Ganguly, a former director-general of the Indian Council of Medical Research and one of 13 members of a government task force created in September 2010 to respond to the NDM-1 threat.
“When you are blamed, the only reaction is that you put your back to the wall and fight,” he said. Agencies

Never bite the hand that feeds you ; It is a political issue, so a political solution is required


By Ingrid Melander and Renee Maltezou

ATHENS | Tue May 8, 2012 9:00pm EDT

(Reuters) – Radical leftist Alexis Tsipras meets the leaders of Greece’s mainstream parties on Wednesday to try to form a coalition government, an effort seen as doomed after he demanded they first agree to tear up the country’s EU/IMF bailout deal.
An inconclusive election on Sunday has left Athens in political disarray, with no clear path to form a government, a new election likely within weeks and speculation escalating that Greece could be pushed out of Europe’s single currency bloc.
Voters enraged by economic hardship repudiated the two parties which led Greece for decades – conservative New Democracy and Socialist PASOK – the only groups that back the 130 billion-euro bailout which saved Greece from bankruptcy.
The remote chance of Tsipras forming a coalition faded even further on Tuesday when New Democracy leader Antonis Samaras promptly rejected his demand to scrap the bailout, warning such a move could drive the debt-choked country out of the euro.
“Mr. Tsipras asked me to put my signature to the destruction of Greece. I will not do this,” Samaras said. “The country cannot afford to play with fire.”
Tsipras’s leftist party placed second on Sunday, while New Democracy and PASOK – which between them had 77 percent of the vote just three years ago – saw their combined share fall to just 32 percent and PASOK reduced to third place.
Samaras was given the first chance to form a government but failed. On Tuesday Tsipras was given three days to try. He will meet Socialist PASOK leader Evangelos Venizelos at 1500 GMT on Wednesday and Samaras at 1600 GMT.
If, as increasingly seems likely, no politician is able to cobble together a majority in the 300-seat parliament, a new election would have to be held in 3-4 weeks. Samaras may be hoping Greeks will give him a stronger mandate in a new vote.
“After Samaras’s response to Tsipras today, that particular bridge (the chance of a coalition deal between these parties) has been exploded, burned,” said Theodore Couloumbis, political analyst for Athens-based think-tank ELIAMEP.
Rivals for decades, New Democracy and PASOK had been ruling jointly in an uneasy coalition that negotiated last year’s bailout, which saw lenders demand ever-deeper spending cuts in a country already suffering five straight years of recession.
Most Greeks say they want to keep the euro currency – widely seen as impossible without the bailout – but they are furious with the two mainstream political parties they blame for the recession, record high unemployment and endemic corruption.
Most believe spending cuts demanded by the EU and International Monetary Fund are only making the situation worse by increasing unemployment and preventing economic recovery.
Even with a system that gave first-placed New Democracy an extra 50 seats – designed to make it easier to form stable governments – it and PASOK together fell short of a majority to renew their coalition, with only 149 seats between them.
EURO WARNING
On the streets of Athens, voters voiced exasperation over the lack of a deal between parties.
“They are all saying they don’t want to cooperate with anyone else. What does this show? All they care about is being prime minister, nobody cares about the country,” said Vasilia Konidary, who voted for Drasi, a tiny liberal party.
Theoretically, it could still be possible for Tsipras to form a left-leaning coalition with PASOK, if New Democracy abstained in a confidence vote rather than opposing it.
Such a scenario seems extremely unlikely, but PASOK leader Venizelos left the door slightly open on Tuesday by renewing calls for all the country’s pro-European parties to form a coalition and avoid a second round of elections.
“The Greek people asked for two things: For Greece to stay safely in Europe and the euro and at the same time to seek the best possible change in (bailout) terms so that citizens and growth can be helped,” Venizelos said.
If Tsipras fails, the president will give Venizelos, whose party was the biggest loser in the election, the last chance to try to form a government. If he should fail, new elections loom.
ELIAMEP’s Couloumbis said many Greeks may still be hoping Europe will bail them out and keep them in the euro zone, even if they reject the austerity demanded by the EU and IMF.
“Many here think Europe cannot afford to let Greece go down that path – that all we have to do is tell them we’ll jump from the 10th floor and they will have a safety net for us,” he said. “I say: ‘Beware, you may hit the ground and break into many pieces.'”
(Additional reporting by Karolina Tagaris; Editing by Peter Graff)
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Do you expect the EU/IMF bailout for Greece is without conditions and you expect a free handout? This expectation is only meant for kids asking for sweets from their parents. If you play with fire, expect to face the music and the results will be Greece will default on the terms of EU/IMF fundings and everything will stop there, an irregular default will sent Greece out of the Eurozone and the economy will be in shambles, there is enough firepower to isolate the rest of the Eurozone from a Greece exit, do you think austerity measures on a road to recovery is a safer bet? This is a political issue and you need a political solution, no use gathering votes when you cannot compound the problem.
– Contributed by Oogle.