Implicit and explicit ideology: LKY pride that they are pragmatic and not ideological. Not so. The PAP is highly ideological. What is ideology? Ideology is a basic belief which governs one’s thought and action. LKY and the PAP ideology is as follows:
1. No handouts. It will destroy work ethic. Tough is good. Soft is bad.
2. Elitism is good. Elites are selected through academic exam results. Elites are rich.
3. The poor are poor because they are stupid and or lazy.
4. The rich are smart. They can be relied upon.
5. If you are not for us you are against us. Loyalty equals reliability.
6. Progress is through westernisation.
7. People are digits. Different cultures produce hard or soft digits. East asians are hard digits.
8. Singapore is surrounded by potential enemies. Eat us you die. We must become a poisonous shrimp.
9. Only the best brains must run the country. If you are not selected its because you are not smart. Only smart people can be loyal to power.
10. It is smart to be stingy. To be generous is not smart.
11.It is smart to be fearful. It is stupid to take risks.
12.Never do what has not been done before. Better to copy than to invent.