“If you are able to arrange the molecules of water to the molecules of wine, you would have unlocked God’s mystery of miracles, to convert water into wine.” – Contributed by Oogle.
“Water exists in 3 stages, if you are able to turn the molecules of water to arrrange in a solid stage of molecules, you would also be like Jesus to be able to walk on water.” – Contributed by Oogle.
This paper deals with the conversion between atoms and molecules in optical lattices. We show that in the absence of collisional interaction, the atomic and molecular components in different lattice wells combine into states with macroscopic condensate fractions, which can be observed as a strong diffraction signal, if the particles are abruptly released from the lattice. The condensate population, and the diffraction signal are governed not only by the mean number of atoms or molecules in each well, but by the precise amplitudes on state vector components with different numbers of particles. We discuss ways to control these amplitudes and to maximize the condensate fraction in the molecular formation process.